Further developments in the history of technology include the first Bachelor's degree program in Biometric Systems Engineering and Computer Engineering established by West Virginia University in the 2000s. Additionally, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a non-profit organization that promoted international collaboration in biometric research, helped standardize generic biometric technologies.
Besides this, biometric technology was also showcased on the biometric stage as the European Biometric Forum was established to address market adoption and fragmentation in biometric technology. The world accepted face recognition as a biometric authentication method in passports and other Machine Readable Travel Documents or MRTDs.
The United States immigration department also used biometrics to process visa applications from legitimate travelers. This increased security. Biometric data, such as fingerprints and DNA swabs, iris images, and voice samples, were also used to identify and track national security threats.
The development of smartphones is also connected to the development of biometric technology, as it made it more accessible to everyday use. In 2013, Apple introduced Touch ID on the iPhone 5S. Touch ID, a key feature of iOS phones and other devices, allows users to unlock their devices, make purchases and use a digital wallet using fingerprint authentication. Apple clarified that fingerprints are stored on the Apple chip, not on iCloud and Apple servers, when they announced Touch ID.
After 60 years, biometric authentication was commercialized and made easier to use for everyday access. As smartphones began to integrate scanning sensors into their phones, biometric authentication in identity verification gained momentum. With open arms, millions of Samsung and Apple customers welcomed biometric fingerprint scanners to their phones. After this wide acceptance, Apple then transitioned to face recognition as they released the iPhone X.
It is predicted that Biometric security and biology-based technology today are widely accepted to ensure data safety and security. 5G will make big data and the Internet of Things (IoT) more accessible than ever. Standard bodies like the W3C and FIDO can recognize biometrics to help regulate them at a time like this when access barriers have been removed.
For more information about the history of biometric technology, here is an article from Login ID.