Violent natural disasters have been a fact of human life since the beginning of the species, but the death counts of the most ancient of these disasters are lost to history.
E.g. The Mediterranean island of Stroggli, is believed to have been completely wiped out by a volcanic eruption and ensuing tsunami that eradicated the entire Minoan civilization around 1500 B.C.
How many lives were lost? We’ll never know.
NATURAL HAZARD VS. NATURAL DISASTER
A natural hazard is a threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative effect on humans. A natural hazard becomes a natural disaster when it takes place, causing significant loss of life and property.
There have been numerous natural disasters in recent history, ranging from the January 2010 earthquake that struck Haiti, to Cyclone Aila, which hit Bangladesh and India in May of 2009, killing approximately 330 people, and affecting upwards of 1 million.
Below is the list of 10 worst disasters in human history:
1931 China floods
1970 Bhola Cyclone
2010 Haiti Earthquake
1920 Haiyuan Earthquake
1976 Tangshan Earthquake
1975 Typhoon Nina
2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami
1935 Yangtze Flood
1923 Great Kantō Earthquake
1991 Bangladesh Cyclone